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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

3 edition of Use of saline water in agriculture in arid and semi-arid zones of India found in the catalog.

Use of saline water in agriculture in arid and semi-arid zones of India

I. C. Gupta

Use of saline water in agriculture in arid and semi-arid zones of India

by I. C. Gupta

  • 62 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by Oxford & IBH in New Delhi .
Written in English

    Places:
  • India.
    • Subjects:
    • Saline irrigation -- India.,
    • Arid regions agriculture -- India.

    • Edition Notes

      StatementI.C. Gupta.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsS619.S24 G86
      The Physical Object
      Paginationvi, 210 p. :
      Number of Pages210
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL4082377M
      LC Control Number79907977

      Study of the groundwater samples from Tajarak area, western Iran, was carried out in order to assess their chemical compositions and suitability for agricultural purposes. All of the groundwaters are grouped into two categories: relatively low mineralized of Ca–HCO3 and Na–HCO3 types and high mineralized waters of Na–SO4 and Na–Cl types. The chemical evolution of groundwater is. Semi‐arid and arid regions (i.e. drylands with annual mean rainfall between 25 and mm) cover approximately one‐third of the world’s land area and are inhabited by almost million people. Because they are a resource in short supply, waters in drylands are under increasing human pressures, and many are threatened by rising salinities.

      Downloadable (with restrictions)! Irrigation with raw, partially and treated wastewater is a widespread practice in many arid and semi-arid zones. The importance of wastewater for agriculture has increasingly been recognised not only as a valuable water resource but also for its nutrient value. However, inappropriate management of irrigation with wastewater can pose substantial risks to public. Conclusion Supply of Irrigation water in semi-arid areas. Referencing to the situations in both arid and semi arid climatic conditions, water as a resource is a concern in both plant and animal husbandry (Reij et. al., , p. 42).However, being that there is not any better solution yet in Israel.

      Food and agriculture are the largest consumers of water, requiring one hundred times more than we use for personal needs. Up to 70 % of the water we take from rivers and groundwater goes into irrigation, about 10% is used in domestic applications and 20% in tly, about km 3 of freshwater are withdrawn for human use. Of these, roughly half is really consumed as a result of. Incipient groundwater salinization has been identified in many arid and semi-arid regions where groundwater is increasingly used for irrigation, but the dominant processes at stake in such context.


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Use of saline water in agriculture in arid and semi-arid zones of India by I. C. Gupta Download PDF EPUB FB2

Book: Use of Saline Water in Agriculture in Arid and Semi-Arid Zones of India. pppp. refpp. of refpp. of Abstract: The origin and nature of irrigation waters, quality of groundwaters, water quality standards, factors affecting water suitability for irrigation, effect of saline water saline water Subject Category: MiscellaneousCited by: 5.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Gupta, I.C., Use of saline water in agriculture in arid and semi-arid zones of India. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH, © Use of Saline Water in Agriculture: A Study of Arid and Semi-Arid Zones of India Hardcover – December 1, by I.

Gupta (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Hardcover, December 1, Author: I. Gupta. This revised edition contains seven chapters dealing with the origin, nature and quality of irrigation waters, the effect of saline water irrigation on soil properties, crop tolerance to saline conditions, management practices, and alternative uses of saline water.

Two appendices give respectively the area of arid and semi-arid zones of each Indian state excluding cold desert, and the normal Cited by: 3. The irrigated arid and semi‐arid zones in India face twin problems of overall water scarcity and waterlogging accompanied by salinity.

Subsurface drainage has proved successful in the rehabilitation and conservation of waterlogged saline by: Saline agriculture to the rescue. To cope with the shortage of fresh water and increasing salinization of agricultural land, there has been renewed interest in saline agriculture: cultivating crops that are salt-tolerant, so they can grow in brackish water and sea water [1].

In arid and semi-arid regions, effluent from sub-surface drainage systems is often saline and during the dry season its disposal poses an environmental problem. A field experiment was conducted from to using saline drainage water (EC=– dS/m) together with fresh canal water (EC= dS/m) for irrigation during the dry winter season.

The aim was to find if crop production. Agricultural drainage water management in arid and semi-arid areas ISSN FAO IRRIGATION AND DRAINAGE PAPER 61 This publication provides planners, decision-makers and engineers with guidelines to sustain irrigated agriculture and at the same time to protect water resources from the negative impacts of agricultural drainage water disposal.

The irrigated arid and semi-arid zones in India face twin problems of overall water scarcity and waterlogging accompanied by salinity. Subsurface drainage has proved successful in the. GROUNDWATER STRESS DUE TO IRRIGATION IN SEMI ARID AND ARID REGIONS: IS DAIRYING A BOON OR A BANE.

Dinesh Kumar and O. Singh * Abstract One of the most remarkable impacts of India’s growing economy is the demand for dairy products. However, the impact of this trend on the country’s land and water resources has not been analyzed. Soils of the semi-arid and arid zones might support few plants on the surface, but a good part of the biomass might be in the soil itself as roots.

Shrubby desert plants often have very hard woody roots that may be a physical barrier to agriculture. Disease and Pest Problems Arid regions have their fair share of disease and pest problems.

Water and Agriculture in India “Status, Challenges and Possible Options for Action” 1. Introduction Water is a critical input into agriculture in nearly all its aspects having a determining effect on the eventual yield.

Good seeds and fertilizers fail to achieve their full potential if plants are not optimally watered. The shortage of water resources of good quality is becoming an important issue in the arid and semi-arid zones.

For this reason the availability of water resources of marginal quality such as drainage water, saline groundwater and treated wastewater has become an important consideration. Soil Stabilization in Semiarid and Arid Land Agriculture Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 18(2) April with Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Soils of the semi-arid and arid zones might support few plants on the surface, but a good part of the biomass might be in the soil itself as roots. Shrubby desert plants often have very hard woody roots that may be a physical barrier to agriculture.

Disease and Pest Problems. Arid regions have their fair share of disease and pest problems. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES – Vol.

V – The Salinity and Alkalinity Status of Arid and Semi-Arid Lands - Willy R. Dierickx ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) The concentration of Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ in the saturation extract of a soil can easily be determined and SARse can then be calculated or read from the nomogram (Figure 2).

ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF IRRIGATION IN ARID AND SEMI-ARID REGIONS Alicia Fernández-Cirelli1, José Luis Arumí2, Diego Rivera2, and Peter W. Boochs3 REVIEW ABSTRACT This article reviews the state of the art with respect to the environmental effects of irrigated agriculture on water and soil quality in arid and semi-arid regions on a field scale.

BNAYAHU BAR-YOSEF, in Soilless Culture, Using Rain or Desalinized Water. Fresh water in arid and semiarid zones usually contain Ca, Mg, SO 4 and Cl in excess of crops demand (Table ) so that these tend to accumulate in closed-loop irrigation using water with negligible concentration of these elements, they must be added concomitantly with N, P, K and microelements.

The Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture held a Consultants Meeting on Management of Nutrients and Water in Rainfed Arid and Semi-Arid Areas for Increasing Crop Production, May of rainfed arid and semi-arid zones.

Some factors such as fertilizer use have been intensively studied. Desalination systems are increasingly used to augment water supply in arid and semi-arid areas worldwide, but the safe disposal of brine remains a key environmental issue.

This research project will set up and test a pilot-scale Integrated Aqua-Agriculture System (IAAS). Researchers will treat brackish groundwater using a reverse osmosis (RO) unit.

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES – Vol. VII – Soils of Arid and Semi-Arid Areas - Willy Verheye ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) CaCO + H CO Ca + 2HCO Ca(HCO) 3 32↔↔ (2) 2NaX + CaSO CaX + Na SO↔ (3) Na SO +10H O Na SOH O24 2 2 4 2↔ (4) Because the wetting front is limited to the upper part of the .In the irrigated area in the arid states and territories was more than, twice as great as inthe acreage being as follows: Total In addition to the area above given, in 18 99, 2 73, 11 7 acres were under irrigation in the semi-arid region, east of the states above mentioned and including portions of the states of North and South.1 Groundwater modelling in arid and semi-arid areas: an introduction S.

A. Mathias and H. S. Wheater INTRODUCTION Water resources globally face unprecedented challenges, but these are at their greatest in the world’s arid and semi-arid regions. Recent IPCC estimates (Kundzewicz et al., ) state.